Iraqi Journal of Medical Sciences








Vol. 12 Issue 2 April - June / 2014
Published on website | Date : 2016-03-24 12:58:55

DETECTION OF PNEUMOCYSTIS CARINII (JIROVECI) FROM IRAQI PATIENTS WITH LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS

Manahil M. Yehia, Zainalabideen A. Abdulla


Abstract

Background: Pneumocystis carinii is one of the rare fungi which cause pneumonia in immunocompromised patients. It is important to detect the fungus from the clinical specimens of suspected patients by laboratory tests.
Objective:To identify Pneumocystis carinii from immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients with lower respiratory tract infections.
Methods: This study included 300 patients suffering from lower respiratory tract infections of both immunocompetent (150) and immunocompromised (150) patients attending the Teaching Hospital in Mosul/Iraq. The clinical specimens collected were samples of sputum (247), and bronchial wash (80). The identification of Pneumocystis staining methods.
Result:The organism was detected from 8 immunocompromised patients with pneumonia. Seven out of the 8 patients had carcinoma.
Conclusion: Pneumocystis carinii is an opportunistic fungus which is an important pathogen in immunocompromised patients.
Key words: Pneumocystis carinii (jiroveci), pneumocystis pneumonia, respiratory tract infection.


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