Iraqi Journal of Medical Sciences








Vol. 8 Issue 1 January - March / 2010
Published on website | Date : 2016-06-18 15:50:51

CALCULATED IONIZED CALCIUM & ACTUAL IONIZED CALCIUM IN PREECLAMPSIA

Faisal Gh. Al-Rubaye


Abstract

Background: Preeclampsia is a form of high blood pressure manifested during pregnancy; however, its etiology is unknown. Also, the status of ionized calcium (Cai) during pregnancy and its complication preeclampsia have not been described adequately. In addition to calculation method described for Cai, the calcium-binding dye murexide has become a widely-used tool for measuring changes in the ionized calcium (Cai) concentration in biological systems.
Objective:to demonstrate the level of Cai during preeclampsia with respect to normal pregnancy; and to demonstrate the correlation between calculated Cai and actual Cai.
Subject and methods: the present study is a case-control study conducted during the period from February 2007 until the end of June 2007, which includes measurement of total, corrected and ionized calcium (Cai) in 60 patients with preeclampsia that are classified according to gestational age into preeclamptics in the second trimester G1 (n=30) and preeclamptics in the third trimester G2 (n=30).
The results are compared with 60 apparently healthy pregnants controls that are classified according to gestational age into two groups G3 (n=30) and G4 (n=30).
Results: the serum corrected total calcium; serum calculated ionized Cai and actual Cai are significantly reduced in preeclamptics in the third trimester (G1) compared with normal pregnants (G4) (P<0.001) and even when compared with preeclamptics in the second trimester (G2). The same significant reduction in serum corrected total calcium (P<0.001); but not in serum ionized Ca (calculated and actual Cai) is found in preeclamptics in the second trimester (G2) compared with normal pregnants (G3). Both calculated Cai and actual Cai are significantly correlated (r=0.7, P<0.001 in all study groups apart from preeclamptic in the second trimester where r=0.5, P<0.001).
Conclusion: all preeclamptics have certain factors that reduce vasodilation, enhance vasospasm. This is supported by the finding of low ionized calcium which is essential for the synthesis of endothelial-derived NO. A mathematical equation can be used in clinical practice for expressing ionized calcium.
Key words: preeclampsia, calculated ionized calcium, actual ionized calcium.


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