Iraqi Journal of Medical Sciences

Vol. 14 Issue 1 January - March / 2016
Published on website | Date : 2016-05-05 09:34:57


Wala’a Sh. Ali, Nibras N. Mahmood


Background:Although the concept of probiotics was known since the era of Elie Metchnikoff for more than one century ago, the attention of probiotic therapy as effective approach to prevent and treat a wide range of diseases and disordersis increased in the recent years. Probiotic therapy is the treatment of diseases by use live micro-organisms known as probiotics and the aim of this therapy is to increase the numbers of microbiota and enhance their activities until such time that microbiota can be rebalanced. In this review; the definition and properties of probiotics, their types and mechanisms of action, as well as their health beneficial effects and safety have been reported.
Key words: Probiotics, Bacteriotherapy, Safety, LAB, GRAS