Vol. 13 Issue 2 April - June / 2015
Published on website | Date : 2016-03-22 13:06:29
THE ROLE OF TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR Α (TNF-Α) AND INTRACELLULAR ADHESION MOLECULES-1 (ICAM-1) IN ATHEROSCLEROTIC CORONARY HEART DISEASE
Wurood A.S. Kadhum, Nidhal M. Abdul-Muhaymen, Qudus W. Jamal
Background:Tumor necrosis factor-α elaborated soon after myocardial ischemic injury. The intracellular adhesion molecule-1 is required for polymorphonuclear emigration, the primary cause of inflammatory tissue damage due to ischemia-reperfusion.
Objective:Detect the serum level of tumor necrosis factor-α and to look for the percentage of expression of intracellular adhesion molecule-1 in atherosclerotic coronary heart disease.
Methods: Fifty patients (40 males and 10 females) were enrolled in this study with age range (42-80) years, and fifteen, age and sex matched, apparently healthy individuals. The patients group was further classified into acute and chronic cases. Blood sample was taken from each subject and divided into 2 parts. One part used for lymphocyte separation by using immunocytochmistry to detect intracellular adhesion molecule-1 and the other one for serum separation by using ELISA technique to detect tumor necrosis alpha-α.
Results:Significant difference in the concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α was found between patients and control groups and it was elevated in acute cases compared to chronic cases. Similarly, intracellular adhesion molecule-1 was elevated in patients compared o control groups and more in acute than chronic cases.
Conclusions: TNF-α is an important marker that acts on coronary arteries which may contribute to the development of congestive heart disease. Elevation of intracellular adhesion molecule-1 level correlates well with the development of acute events in the disease.
Keywords :Atherosclerotic coronary heart disease, TNF-α, ICAM-1, ELISA, immunocytochemistry technique.
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