Iraqi Journal of Medical Sciences








Vol. 10 Issue 4 October - December / 2012
Published on website | Date : 2016-04-03 18:11:24

CLINICAL ASSOCIATION OF DEPRESSION IN A GROUP OF IRAQI PATIENTS WITH PARKINSON'S DISEASE

Zaki N Hasan, Hasan A Hasan, Farah I Al-Saffar


Abstract

Introduction:Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common form of a group of progressive neurodegenerative disorders. Depression is more common in Parkinson’s disease than in the general population.
Objective:To evaluate the depressive features that accompanies Parkinson’s disease and its relation to different parameter of this disease.
Methods:This cross sectional study examined 30 patients with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease neurologically and psychiatrically, searching for depression and its association with different features of idiopathic Parkinson’s disease. The American diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM-IV) and the international classification of the disease (ICD10) were used for diagnosis of depression.
Results:53% of Parkinson’s disease patients were found to be depressed and their depression significantly correlated with autonomic system infliction, dysphagia and insomnia. This finding was not correlated with duration or severity of the Parkinson’s disease or the late complications of the disease.
Conclusion:We found depression to be very common among Parkinson’s disease patients; however, no specific type of depression could be identified in those patients. There is significant association between depression and autonomic involvement, insomnia and dysphagia in Parkinson’s disease. Depression in Parkinson’s disease was not found to be related to the age of onset or to the duration of the disease.
Keywords:Parkinson, Depression


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