Iraqi Journal of Medical Sciences








Vol. 11 Issue 4 October - December / 2013
Published on website | Date : 2016-03-29 12:56:44

RE-EVALUATION THE FREQUENCY OF CUTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS IN PATIENTS ON HEMODIALYSIS

Iqbal G. Farhood, Zainab R. Naief


Abstract

Background: Hemodialysis patients experience frequent and various cutaneous manifestations. Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a clinical state, which results in declining of kidney functions.
Objective:To evaluate the frequency and nature of cutaneous lesions associated with CRF patients on hemodialysis.
Methods: Fifty patients with chronic renal failure on hemodialysis in Al-Kadhimiya Teaching Hospital, Dialysis Center from the period of February 2012- May 2012 were conducted in this case series study.
Results:All patients included in this study had at least one cutaneous manifestation related to chronic renal failure. The most frequent findings were pruritus (100%), pallor (100%), xerosis (100%), hyperpigmentation (74%), petechae (40%), ecchymosis (30%) and wrinkles (30%). Nail changes were half and half nail (76%), koilonychias (48%) and splinter hemorrhage (28%). Oral changes were xerostomia (88%) and ulceration (52%). Other manifestation like hair changes (42%) was seen.
Conclusion:Chronic renal failure is associated with various cutaneous manifestations caused by hemodialysis or the disease itself. The most frequent findings; pruritus, pallor and xerosis. The early diagnosis of cutaneous changes may decrease the morbidity and eventually lead to the improvement of life quality in these patients.
Keywords:Chronic renal failure, hemodialysis, cutaneous manifestations.


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